Research on health involves evaluating the disparities that are systematically associated with the experience of risk, including genetic and physiological variation, environmental exposure to poor nutrition and disease, and social marginalization. This volume provides a unique perspective - a comparative approach to the analysis of health disparities and human adaptability - and specifically focuses on the pathways that lead to unequal health outcomes. From an explicitly anthropological perspective situated in the practice and theory of biosocial studies, this book combines theoretical rigor with more applied and practice-oriented approaches and critically examines infectious and chronic diseases, reproduction, and nutrition.
Preface: Framing Risk, Adversity and Health Alan Goodman Introduction Chapter 1. Health, Risk, Adversity: A Contextual View from Anthropology Catherine Panter-Brick and Agustin Fuentes PART I: HEALTH RISKS AND DISEASES IN TRANSITION Commentary I: Understanding Health Past and Present Charlotte Roberts Chapter 2. Health Consequences of Social and Ecological Adversity Among Indigenous Siberian Populations: Biocultural and Evolutionary Implications William R Leonard, J Josh Snodgrass and Mark V Sorenson Chapter 3. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding the Risk and Context of Emerging Primate-borne Zoonoses Lisa Jones-Engel and Gregory Engel Chapter 4. Viral Panic, Vulnerability and the Next Pandemic Ann Herring PART II: GENERATIONAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGE Commentary II: Thinking About Health Through Time and Across Generations Darna Dufour Chapter 5. Adaptation, Health and the Temporal Domain of Human Reproductive Physiology Peter Ellison and Grazyna Jasienska Chapter 6. Changes in Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Migrant Women: An inter-generation comparison among Bangladeshis in the UK Alejandra Nunez-de-la-Mora and Gillian R. Bentley Chapter 7. Family Structure and Child Growth in sub-Saharan Africa: Assessing hidden riskA" Daniel W. Sellen PART III: GENE EVOLUTION, ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH Commentary III: Explaining Health Inequalities Bill Dressler Chapter 8. The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Keith Godfrey and Mark Hanson Chapter 9. Beyond the Gradient: An Integrative Anthropological Perspective on Social Stratification, Stress, and Health Thomas McDade Chapter 10. The Slavery Hypothesis: An Evaluation of a Genetic-Deterministic Explanation for Hypertension Prevalence Rate (HPR) Inequalities Lorena Madrigal, Mwenza Blell, Ernesto Ruiz and Flory Otarola Conclusion Chapter 11. Adversity, Risk and Health: A View from Public Health Martin White Glossary Index