Now completely revised (over 90% new), this handbook established the concept of competence as an organizing framework for the field of achievement motivation. With an increased focus on connecting theory to application, the second edition incorporates diverse perspectives on why and how individuals are motivated to work toward competence in school, work, sports, and other settings. Leading authorities present cutting-edge findings on the psychological, sociocultural, and biological processes that shape competence motivation across development, analyzing the role of intelligence, self-regulated learning, emotions, creativity, gender and racial stereotypes, self-perceptions, achievement values, parenting practices, teacher behaviors, workplace environments, and many other factors. As a special bonus, purchasers of the second edition can download a supplemental e-book featuring several notable, highly cited chapters from the first edition. New to This Edition *Most chapters are new, reflecting over a decade of theoretical and methodological developments. *Each chapter now has an applied as well as conceptual focus, showcasing advances in intervention research.
*Additional topics: self-regulation in early childhood, self-determination theory, challenge and threat appraisals, performance incentives, achievement emotions, job burnout, gene-environment interactions, class-based models of competence, and the impact of social group membership.
I. Introduction 1. Competence and Motivation: Theory and Application, Andrew J. Elliot, Carol S. Dweck, & David S. Yeager II. Central Constructs 2. Intelligence and Competence in Theory and Practice, Robert J. Sternberg 3. Achievement Motives, David E. Conroy 4. Achievement Goals, Andrew J. Elliot & Chris S. Hulleman 5. An Attribution Perspective on Competence and Motivation: Theory and Treatment Interventions, Raymond P. Perry & Jeremy M. Hamm 6. Competence Self-Perceptions, Herbert W. Marsh, Andrew J. Martin, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, & Rhonda G. Craven 7. Achievement Values: Interactions, Interventions, and Future Directions, Allan Wigfield, Emily Q. Rosenzweig, & Jacquelynne S. Eccles 8. Mindsets: Their Impact on Competence Motivation and Acquisition, Carol S. Dweck & Daniel C. Molden 9. Understanding and Addressing Performance Anxiety, Sian L. Beilock, Marjorie W. Schaeffer, & Christopher S. Rozek III. Relevant Processes 10. Challenge and Threat Appraisals, Jeremy P. Jamieson 11. Competence Assessment, Social Comparison, and Conflict Regulation, Fabrizio Butera & Celine Darnon 12. Competence as Central, but Not Sufficient, for High-Quality Motivation: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective, Richard M. Ryan & Arlen C. Moller 13. Competence and Pay for Performance, Barry Gerhart & Meiyu Fang 14. Achievement Emotions, Reinhard Pekrun 15. The Many Questions of Belonging, Gregory M. Walton & Shannon T. Brady 16. Stereotype Threat: New Insights into Process and Intervention, Robert J. Rydell, Katie J. Van Loo, & Kathryn L. Boucher 17. Role of Self-Efficacy and Related Beliefs in Self-Regulation of Learning and Performance, Barry J. Zimmerman, Dale H. Schunk, & Maria K. DiBendetto 18. Interest: Theory and Application, Judith M. Harackiewicz & Maximilian Knogler 19. On Becoming Creative: Basic Theory and Implications for the Workplace, Carsten K. W. De Dreu & Bernard A. Nijstad 20. Motivation, Competence, and Job Burnout, Michael P. Leiter and Christina Maslach IV. Development 21. Early Reasoning about Competence Is Not Irrationally Optimistic, Nor Does It Stem from Inadequate Cognitive Representations, Andrei Cimpian 22. Self-Regulation in Early Childhood: Implications for Motivation and Achievement, C. Cybele Raver, Katherine A. Adams, & Clancy Blair 23. Competence and Motivation during Adolescence, David S. Yeager, Hae Yeon Lee, & Ronald E. Dahl 24. Competence and Motivation at Work throughout Adulthood: Making the Most of Changing Capacities and Opportunities, Jutta Heckhausen, Jacob Shane, & Ruth Kanfer 25. Motivational Factors as Mechanisms of Gene-Environment Transactions in Cognitive Development and Academic Achievement, Elliot M. Tucker-Drob V. Social Groups and Social Influences 26. Gender and Competence Motivation, Ruth Butler & Liat Hasenfratz 27. Social Class and Models of Competence: How Gateway Institutions Disadvantage Working-Class Americans and How to Intervene, Nicole M. Stephens, Andrea G. Dittmann, & Sarah S. M. Townsend 28. Race and Ethnicity in the Study of Competence Motivation, Beth E. Kurtz-Costes & Tanisha A. Woods 29. Social Striving: Social Group Membership and Children's Motivations and Competencies, Rebecca S. Bigler, Amy Roberson Hayes, & Meagan M. Patterson 30. The Role of Parenting in Children's Motivation and Competence: What Underlies Facilitative Parenting?, Eva M. Pomerantz & Wendy S. Grolnick 31. Peer Relationships, Motivation, and Academic Performance at School, Kathryn R. Wentzel 32. The Roles of Schools and Teachers in Fostering Competence Motivation, Eric M. Anderman & DeLeon L. Gray 33. Competence and Motivation in the Physical Domain: The Relevance of Self-Theories in Sports and Physical Education, Christopher M. Spray 34. Competence and the Workplace, Nico W. Van Yperen VI. Psychological Interventions 35. Turning Point: Targeted, Tailored, and Timely Psychological Intervention, Geoffrey L. Cohen, Julio Garcia, & J. Parker Goyer Supplemental E-Book Featuring Selected Chapters from the First Edition: *A Conceptual History of the Achievement Goal Construct, Andrew J. Elliot *Motivation from an Attribution Perspective and the Social Psychology of Perceived Competence, Bernard Weiner *Self-Theories: Their Impact on Competence Motivation and Acquisition, Carol S. Dweck & Daniel C. Molden *Competence Motivation in the Classroom, Tim Urdan & Julianne C. Turner *Cultural Competence: Dynamic Processes, Chi-yue Chiu & Ying-yi Hong