Two of the major texts in the history of tongue diagnosis are presented and put into context in this volume, reaffirming the strength of tongue diagnosis as a core diagnostic tool. These key texts are made available to western readers for the first time, with the original Chinese text shown alongside the translation. The author provides an excellent overview of the history of tongue diagnosis in Chinese medicine, going back to earliest times, and discusses significant developments and publications. "The Gold Mirror Records", first published in 1341, was a popular manual for centuries, appearing in many editions and variations. "Tongue Reflections in Cold Damage", first published in 1668, developed the field of diagnosis as a whole by adopting the analysis of tongue colour as its main principle. Both texts are introduced with meticulous English translations and notes. This seminal text will give practitioners and students of Chinese medicine a sound understanding of the theory and practice of tongue diagnosis from the early texts, and will be of interest to academic readers of classic Chinese texts.
Acknowledgements.; Foreword by Professor Liang Rong.; Foreword by Professor Chen Jia-xu.; 1. Tongue Diagnosis and the Literature. The Sars Epidemic of 2002-2003. Tongue Diagnosis and how to Approach this Book.; 2. Jin Jing Lu (Gold Mirror Records) and Shang Han She Jian (Tongue Reflections in Cold Damage).; 3. The History of Tongue Diagnosis in Chinese Medicine. From Tongue Observation to Tongue Diagnosis.; 1. Zhou Dynasty - Spring and Autumn.; 2. Bian Que and Hua Tuo. The Tongue in the Yellow Emperor's Classic.; 1. Basic Anatomy of the Tongue.; 2. The Tongue Basics.; 3. The Tongue in Relation to Internal Organ and Channel Networks.; 4. Diagnosis and Pathology.; 5. Tongue Shape and Mobility.; 6. Colour and Moisture.; 7. Taste Recognition. Tongue Diagnosis in Shang Han Lun and Jin Kui Yao Lue.; 1. Appreciation of Zhang Zhong Jing's Tongue Diagnosis.; 2. Basic Principles.; 3. Enquiring on the Cause of Disease.; 4. Elaborating on the Course of Disease.; 5. Deciding on Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment Approach.; 6. Determining the Prognosis. Shang Han Ming Li Lun (The Clear Rationale of Cold Damage).; 4. Introducing Jin Jing Lu (The Gold Mirror Records) and Shang Han She Jian (Tongue Reflections in Cold Damage). Scholar Ao's: The Gold Mirror Records in Cold Damage. Tongue Reflections in Cold Damage.; 5. Jin Jing Lu (The Gold Mirror Records).; 6. Shang Han She Jian (The Tongue Reflections in Cold Damage).; Bibliography.; Appendices. The Weight Standards during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The Formulae in The Tongue Reflection in Cold Damage.; Index.