With recent disease outbreaks and concerns about bioterrorism, interest in the application of GIS to individual level data has grown. "Geocoding Health Data" presents a state-of-the-art discussion on current technical and administrative developments in geographic information science that will affect the future practice of geocoding. This book examines how geocoded residential addresses can be used to examine the spatial patterns of cancer incidence, staging, survival, and mortality. It also explores how privacy and confidentiality issues can be addressed by focusing on disclosure limitation methods while simultaneously enabling the use of more accurate spatial data on disease distributions.
Introduction Geocoding Methods, Materials, and First Steps toward a Geocoding Error Budget M.P. Armstrong and C. Tiwari Using ZIP codes as Geocodes in Cancer Research K.M.M. Beyer, A.F. Schultz, and Z. Chen Producing Spatially Continuous Prostate Cancer Maps with Different Geocodes and Spatial Filter Methods G. Rushton, Q. Cai, and Z. Chen The Science and Art of Geocoding: Tips for Improving Match Rates and Handling Unmatched Cases in Analysis F. Boscoe Geocoding Practices in Cancer Registries T. Abe and D. Stinchcomb Alternative Techniques for Masking Geographic Detail to Protect Privacy D.L. Zimmerman, M.P. Armstrong, and Gerard Rushton Preserving Privacy: Deidentifying Data by Applying a Random Perturbation Spatial Mask Z. Chen, G. Rushton, and G. Smith Spatial Statistical Analysis of Point- and Area-Reference Public Health Data L.A. Waller Statistical methods for Incompletely and Incorrectly Geocoded Cancer Data D. L. Zimmerman Using Geocodes to estimate Distances and geographic Accessibility for Cancer Prevention and Control M. Armstrong, B. Greene, and G. Rushton Cancer Registry Data and Geocoding: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security Issues J. Gittler Conclusions Appendix: Cancer Reporting and Registry Statutes and Regulations J. Gittler