Over the past 30 years, as both forensic pathology and neuropathology have grown in sophistication, the two specialties have forged a heightened level of interaction. Reflecting the vast increase in knowledge and scientific progress in the past two decades, "Forensic Neuropathology, Second Edition" examines the new developments that have arisen since the publication of the first volume. New in this edition are: all chapters revised and updated; expanded information on biomechanics of neurotrauma; latest findings on child abuse, impact injuries to the head and spine, and intracranial pressure effects; greater focus on the effects of new Supreme Court rulings on the admissibility of evidence; and nearly 300 high-quality color photographs. This updated text comprehensively reviews all aspects of neuropathology that may have forensic or medical-legal import.The book presents significant coverage of the role of the neuropathologist in a legal setting before delving into specific forensic aspects of neuropathology, including comprehensive discussions of various syndromes and conditions affecting adults and children.
It discusses intracranial equilibria and physical injury to the nervous system and contains entire chapters devoted to neuropathology perspectives on child abuse, gunshot and other penetrating wounds of the nervous system, and the forensic aspects of complex neural functions.This timely revision maintains the breadth and depth of the benchmark first edition while replacing outdated information with the newest developments in these complex areas. Dr. Jan E. Leestma is a world-renowned forensic neuropathologist and is the author of more than a hundred professional publications. He has given expert testimony in more than thirty states, Canada, and the UK. This highly detailed work, which includes the contributions of experts in the fields of biomechanics, neurology, pathology, and the law, is sure to complement the growing literature in this fast-developing area.
Pathology and Neuropathology in the Forensic Setting, J.E. Leestma and E. Whitfied Sharp The Pathologist and the Justice System Certification of Death The Forensic Autopsy The Neuropathologist's Role in Forensic Pathology Whom Does the Forensic Pathologist Serve? The Problem of the Manner of Death Issues for the Neuropathologist in the Forensic Setting What Will I Be Asked to Do When I Testify? Implications for the Expert of Having Given Testimony References Scientific Evidence and the Courts, E. Whitfield Sharp Introduction The Frye Standard The Daubert Era: The Search for Reliability The Joiner Standard The Kumho Standard The Federal Rules of Evidence The Ever-Changing Face of the Admissibility Standards of Scientific and Expert Witness Testimony Daubert States States Where Daubert Is Viewed as Instructive Frye and Modified-Frye States Rules-Based-Plus-Reliability States Judging the Reliability of Medical Literature Using the Three R's, or the Reasonable Reliance Requirement, of Rule 703 A Few Basics Conclusion References Forensic Aspects of Adult General Neuropathology, J.E. Leestma Introduction Intracranial Pathology as a Cause of Death Vascular Diseases of the Nervous System Tumors of the Nervous System Infections of the Nervous System Degenerative Diseases of the Nervous System Diseases of White Matter Toxic and Miscellaneous Conditions Diseases of Peripheral Nerve Diseases of Skeletal Muscle References General Forensic Neuropathology of Infants and Children, J.E. Leestma Introduction Brain Development Autopsy Examination of the Developing Nervous System Neuropathology of Perinatal Period Cerebral Palsy Central Nervous System Malformations Hydrocephaly Embolism, Thrombosis, and Hemorrhage Disorders of Hemostasis Toxic Conditions and the Developing Nervous System Infectious Diseases Intrauterine Trauma Brain Neoplasms The Phaecomatoses Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) References Forensic Aspects of Intracranial Equilibria, J.E. Leestma Introduction Cerebral Edema and the Blood-Brain Barrier Cerebrovascular Autoregulation Cerebrospinal Fluid: Pressure/Volume Equilibrium Hydrocephalus Brain Herniation Brain Death and the Respirator Brain References Physical Injury to the Nervous System, J.E. Leestma and K.L. Thibault Introduction Biomechanics Introduction to Biomechanics: A Primer The Scalp The Skull and Periosteum The Meninges Traumatic Injury to the Brain Spine and Spinal Cord Injury Glossary of Terms and Units of Measurement References Child Abuse: Neuropathology Perspectives, J.E. Leestma Introduction and Historical Background Pathology of Child Abuse Neuropathological and Forensic Issues in Child Abuse Cases Rib Fractures and Alleged Child Abuse Fractures of the Long Bones and Child Abuse Nontraumatic Forms of Child Abuse The So-Called Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) Summary References Gunshot and Penetrating Wounds of the Nervous System, J.E. Leestma and J.B. Kirkpatrick Introduction Firearms Variations in Wounding from Different Weapons Shotgun Wounds Unusual or Nonweapon Firearms Gunshot Wounds in the Civilian Population Long-Term Consequences of Missile Wounds of the Brain and Cord Blast Injuries and the Nervous System Wounds of the Spinal Cord and Canal Summary and Conclusions References Forensic Aspects of Complex Neural Functions, J.E. Leestma Introduction Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders Cognitional Disorders Pathological Processes Associated with Behavioral Symptoms Perceptual Disorders Alterations in Consciousness: Stupor and Coma Forensic Aspects of Consciousness Agitated Delirium References Index