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Bone disease, particularly osteoporosis, has emerged as a common and serious complication of solid organ transplantation. In recent years there have been real advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of bone loss, however treatment studies have been relatively sparse and successful strategies to reduce skeletal morbidity after transplantation remain to be clearly established. This book provides a unique resource for the many health professionals involved with transplantation of bone disease, both in terms of its scientific background and the management of the disease in clinical practice.Contents:-Basic Transplantation and Bone Biology-Pathogenesis of Transplantation Related Bone Disease-Clinical Features of Transplantation Bone Disease-Management
Those entering the field of transplantation are frequently unaware of the topics historical roots and even of the background on which modern discoveries in tolerance, histocompabatibility antigens, and xenotransplantation are based. A History of Transplantation Immunology is an account, written by one of the founding fathers of the field, of how tissue and organ transplantation has become one of the most successful branches of late 20th century medicine. The book helps place the work of contemporary scientists into its proper context and makes fascinating reading for immunologists in all stages of their career.Describes landmarks in immunology and places them in historical contextBeautifully written by one of the founding fathers of the fieldPortrays the surprising history of events in a colorful and readable mannerContains biographical sketches of some of the pioneersIllustrates the development of key ideas in immunology--tolerance, graft rejection, and transplantationForeword by Ray Owen
Discusses the advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. This title offers an advanced understanding of the various technologies in regenerative medicine.
Encompasses tissue engineering, biomaterial sciences, stem cell biology, and developmental biology, all from a transplant perspective. This book intends to provide insight into the synergy between organ transplantation and regenerative medicine. It explains importance and future potential of regenerative medicine to the transplant community.
Perhaps no medical breakthrough in the twentieth century is more spectacular, more hope-giving, or more fraught with ethical questions than organ transplantation. Each year some 25,000 Americans are pulled back from the brink of death by receiving vital new organs. Another 5,000 die while waiting for them. And what distinguishes these two groups has become the source of one of our thorniest ethical questions. In Raising the Dead, Ronald Munson offers a vivid, often wrenchingly dramatic account of how transplants are performed, how we decide who receives them, and how we engage the entire range of tough issues that arise because of them. Each chapter begins with a detailed account of a specific case--Mickey Mantles controversial liver transplant, for example--followed by careful analysis of its surrounding ethical questions (the charges that Mantle received special treatment because he was a celebrity, the larger problems involving how organs are allocated, and whether alcoholics should have an equal claim on donor livers). In approaching transplant ethics through specific cases, Munson reminds us of the complex personal and emotional dimension that underlies such issues. The book also ranges beyond our present capabilities to explore the future possibilities in xenotransplantation (transplanting animal organs into humans) and stem cell technology that would allow doctors to grow new organs from the patients own cells. Based on extensive scientific research, but written with a novelists eye for the human condition, Raising the Dead shows readers the reality of organ transplantation now, the possibility of what it may become, and how we might respond to the ethical challenges it forces us to confront.
The plight of a patient waiting months, sometimes years, for an organ transplant is one of the most heart-wrenching predicaments confronting medicine today. But the current critical shortage of human donor organs has had one positive consequence: it has stimulated promising new research into the field of xenotransplantation--the transplantation of organs from one animal species to another. In Xeno: The Promise of Transplanting Animal Organs Into Humans, David Cooper and Robert Lanza explore what may become one of the greatest medical advances of the 21st century. As scientists genetically engineer animal organs to evade the problems of rejection, we can expect a tremendous increase in xenotransplantation. This book recounts the several historical attempts to transplant animal organs into humans, and draws attention to the immense potential and promise of this form of therapy. The problems which remain, and recent breakthroughs in overcoming rejection and in humanizing pig organs for transplantation, are fully discussed. The authors also provide a fascinating consideration of the social and ethical questions posed by such procedures. Which patients should be the first to be offered this new form of therapy? Will transplanted animal organs transfer infectious viruses to the human recipient, and will they then be passed on to the community at large? Can society afford the major increase in healthcare expenditure that will result from our ability to provide a limitless number of donor organs? With profound implications for human health and longevity in the next millennium, Xeno is essential reading for anyone interested in the future of medicine.
In Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life, Miller and Truog challenge fundamental doctrines of established medical ethics. They argue systematically that physicians legitimately cause the death of patients in the routine practices of withdrawing life support and vital organ donation.
Pre- and post-operative care of transplant patients is an aspect of Critical Care Medicine in which most ICU physicians and nurses have received little or no formal training and are left to cope with this complex population with only spotty, incomplete 'on-the-job experience' as a guide. In response to this clinical knowledge gap, this book provides a concise 'at the bedside' resource for clinicians caring for abdominal organ transplant patients before and after surgery.