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Suitable for culture and health researchers in all regions, this book offers conceptual, methodological and practical insights into understanding and successfully mediating cultural influences to address old and new public health issues including safe water delivery, leprosy, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and body image.
"e;This is an excellent book. It should be read by all who are interested in any aspect of Tuberculosis, including the growing problem of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis."e; Journal of American Medical Association "e;The book serves an important function, relaying statistics and TB hot spots, proposing funding and international standardized treatments. Government officials, researchers and nonprofit health organizations will likely cast this as the authoritative book on the subject."e; Publishers Weekly "e;Like other recent works on the threat of infectious diseases such as Laurie Garrett's The Coming Plague, Timebomb has the power of fiction and it is sometimes easy to forget that it is not. Unlike the Garrett book, which is more a collection of short dramatic stories collectively telling a big picture about our coexistence and evolution with microbes, Reichman selects one story and presents it in novel form with better material that most science fiction. The book is organized in a clear and riveting manner. Within the narrative style, the book is rich with up-to-the-minute details and references that add to its depth. An incredible account of politics and disease dynamics occurring at all levels, Timebomb helps us realize that controlling or eradicating TB is not just about science and facts; likely if it were, TB would have long been relegated to the history books."e; Nature Medicine Magazine Tuberculosis, supposedly defeated by antibiotics half a century ago, has returned in a highly contagious and fatal new form that cannot be treated with conventional drugs. Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), could cause some 10 million deaths over the next decade and is thriving in the overcrowded prisons of the former Soviet Union. As Timebomb explains in unnerving detail, the virtual collapse of the world's borders means that refugees, tourists, immigrants, business travelers, and others can spread the TB bacillus very efficiently. London, for example, has experienced a 100% increase in reported cases in the past 10 years. Written by the world's preeminent TB expert and an award-winning medical and health writer, Timebomb details the evolution and the current state of the MDR-TB epidemic, interweaving the science of MDR-TB with personal stories of people whose lives have been threatened by the deadly bacteria.
Provides immediate help for anyone preparing a biomedical paper by givin specific advice on organizing the components of the paper, effective writing techniques, writing an effective results sections, documentation issues, sentence structure and much more. The new edition includes new examples from the current literature including many involving molecular biology, expanded exercises at the end of the book, revised explanations on linking key terms, transition clauses, uses of subheads, and emphases. If you plan to do any medical writing, read this book first and get an immediate advantage.
The ideal way to develop sound judgment about data applicable to clinical care First choice of students, educators, and practitioners A thorough, meaningful, and interesting presentation of biostatistics Helps students become informed users and consumers of biostatistics Learn to evaluate and apply statistics in medicine, medical research, and all health-related fields. Emphasis on the basics of biostatistics and epidemiology and the clinical applications in evidence-based medicine and decision-making methods NEW chapter on survey research Expanded discussion of logistic regression, the Cox model, and other multivariate statistical methods Key Concepts in each chapter pinpoint essential information Presenting Problems drawn from studies in the medical literature that illustrate the various statistical methods Downloadable NCSS statistical software, procedures, and data sets from the presenting problems End-of-chapter exercises Multiple-choice final practice exam
Applicable for all statistics courses or practical use, teaches how to understand more advanced multivariate statistical methods, as well as how to use available software packages to get correct results. Study problems and examples culled from biomedical research illustrate key points. New to this edition: broadened coverage of ANOVA (traditional analysis of variance), the addition of ANCOVA (analysis of Co-Variance); updated treatment of available statistics software; 2 new chapters (Analysis of Variance Extensions and Mixing Regression and ANOVA: ANCOVA).
In May 1993, a cluster of cases of a lethal disease among healthy young people brought the attention of the world to the southwestern deserts. A previously unknown disease was killing up to 80% of the people it infected. The reaction in the area and across the nation mixed fear, lack of information, and the struggles of doctors to save the victims of an unknown killer with hard science and the age old rhythmns of the desert. What came out was the story of a virus that had been killing since man arrived in the American continents, Hantavirus, with deadly relatives across the Americas and across the world. This book explains why and how the virus kills, and why it is still killing today. Why all of the science aimed at a virus identified back in 1993 has not brought a vaccine or a cure is part of the story, as is how that killer virus fits into the story of "e;new"e; diseases across the world. The story of hantavirus disease, what has happened since that first outbreak, and what the real risks are is laid out by an experienced scientist and an award winning journalist living and working in the area of the 1993 outbreak.Covers the full story of the recent hantavirus outbreakIncludes interviews with survivors, and local reactionPresents the science in lay termsPlaces the event in the broader context of emerging diseases worldwideThe only account which takes the reader beyond the initial outbreak in 1993-1994, bringing them up to late 1998Discusses hantavirus disease in the U.S., Argentina, and Canada
Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination.Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health.Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodiesBrings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible formatContributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection
This volume, the first of its kind ever, is designed to provide both laypersons and professionals with a detailed description of the occurrence of each common form of cancer in the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex. The place is Los Angeles County, and the patterns of 72 different malignancies are described according to race, age, sex, social class calendar time (since 1972) and most notably, individual neighborhood, using detailed maps of high risk.The book permits residents to screen the malignancies and identify those of special concern locally, and to identify other communities with similar concerns. The pattern of each malignancy is briefly discussed with reference to background knowledge of causation and the degree to which the observed pattern was expected on that basis. Persons residing outside Los Angeles County will identify patterns likely to prevail in their own communities.Physicians and scientific investigators in California and elsewhere can use the material provided to counsel patients and evaluate the consistency of any specific pattern of occurrence with each specific causal hypothesis. A detailed appendix describes the source of data, provides the basis for the choices made in the production of the volume, and gives a perspective on the search for "e;clusters of malignancy.* Compares different types of cancers with respect to the degree of non-random occurrence* Contains numerous maps detailing the demographic and geographic pattern of cancer occurrence in Los Angeles County* Provides an empirical perspective to the search for disease "e;clusters"e;
Addresses emerging statistical challenges in epidemiological, biomedical, and pharmaceutical research. This volume features: methods for assessing Biomarkers, analysis of competing risks; clinical trials including sequential and group sequential, crossover designs, cluster randomized, and adaptive designs; and, structural equations modelling.