This book provides the reader with a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas, supporting language in humans, are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings.
Divided into four sections the book covers: brain evolution brain abnormalities in schizophrenia psychopathology and schizophrenia conclusions. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.
Part 1: Brain Evolution 1. Genetic Influences on the Evolution of Human Language Lieberman 2. Navigation, Discourse and the Coevolutive Origin of Language Ferretti 3. Phylogenetic Development of Language and Personality Fabbro Part 2: Brain Abnormalities in Schizophrenia 4. Auditory Cortex Asymmetry and Language Processing in Schizophrenia Casanova 5. Structural and Functional Brain Imaging Correlates of Thought Disorder and other Speech Abnormalities in Schizophrenia Lawrie 6. Brain Structural Abnormalities, Social Cognition and Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia Keshavan 7. Disordered Brain Network Function in Adolescence: Impact on Thought, Language and Vulnerability for Schizophrenia Diwadkar 8. Inter-hemispheric Communication and Language Disturbances in Schizophrenia Brambilla Part 3: Psychopathology and Schizophrenia 9. Thought, Hallucinations and Schizophrenia McGuire 10. Neural Correlates of Cognitive Control and Language Processing in Schizophrenia Carter 11. Narrative Language Production in Schizophrenia Marini 12. Social Premorbid Adjustment and Linguistic Abilities in First Episode Schizophrenia Crespo-Facorro 13. Symptoms, Thought Disorders and Cognitive Remediation Treatment in Schizophrenia Vita Part 4: Conclusions 14. A Final Chapter Brambilla and Marini