When we speak, we configure the vocal tract which shapes the visible motions of the face and the patterning of the audible speech acoustics. Similarly, we use these visible and audible behaviors to perceive speech. This book showcases a broad range of research investigating how these two types of signals are used in spoken communication, how they interact, and how they can be used to enhance the realistic synthesis and recognition of audible and visible speech. The volume begins by addressing two important questions about human audiovisual performance: how auditory and visual signals combine to access the mental lexicon and where in the brain this and related processes take place. It then turns to the production and perception of multimodal speech and how structures are coordinated within and across the two modalities. Finally, the book presents overviews and recent developments in machine-based speech recognition and synthesis of AV speech.
1. Three puzzles of multimodal speech perception R. E. Remez; 2. Visual speech perception L. E. Bernstein; 3. Dynamic information for face perception K. Lander and V. Bruce; 4. Investigating auditory-visual speech perception development D. Burnham and K. Sekiyama; 5. Brain bases for seeing speech: FMRI studies of speechreading R. Campbell and M. MacSweeney; 6. Temporal organization of cued speech production D. Beautemps, M.-A. Cathiard, V. Attina and C. Savariaux; 7. Bimodal perception within the natural time-course of speech production M.-A. Cathiard, A. Vilain, R. Laboissière, H. Loevenbruck, C. Savariaux and J.-L. Schwartz; 8. Visual and audiovisual synthesis and recognition of speech by computers N. M. Brooke and S. D. Scott; 9. Audiovisual automatic speech recognition G. Potamianos, C. Neti, J. Luettin and I. Matthews; 10. Image-based facial synthesis M. Slaney and C. Bregler; 11. A trainable videorealistic speech animation system T. Ezzat, G. Geiger and T. Poggio; 12. Animated speech: research progress and applications D. W. Massaro, M. M. Cohen, M. Tabain, J. Beskow and R. Clark; 13. Empirical perceptual-motor linkage of multimodal speech E. Vatikiotis-Bateson and K. G. Munhall; 14. Sensorimotor characteristics of speech production G. Bailly, P. Badin, L. Revéret and A. Ben Youssef.