This book presents the anatomical systems that take part in the scientific and clinical study of emotional functions and neuropsychiatric disorders. It discusses the limbic system - the cortical and subcortical structures in the human brain involved in emotion, motivation, and emotional association with memory - at length and how this is no longer a useful guide to the study of psychiatric disorders. The book provides an understanding of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century. The goal is to help the reader develop an understanding of the gross anatomical organization of the human forebrain. The book also includes an enlightening DVD describing the basic surface anatomy of the cerebral hemispheres, coronal and horizontal sections, and blunt dissection of the forebrain with special attention to clinical-anatomical correlations of interest to psychiatrists.
It includes: a re-evaluation of brain anatomy, with an emphasis on the new anatomical framework which has emerged during the last quarter century; a compellingly expanded conceptualization of Broca's famous limbic lobe; clinical and basic science boxes highlighting specific concepts, structures, or neuronal circuits from a clinical perspective; and a DVD illustrating dissection of the human brain by one of the world's masters.
CONTENTSPREFACECHAPTER 1. THE LIMBIC SYSTEM; A CONCEPT IN PERPETUAL SEARCH FOR A DEFINITIONThe Birth of the Limbic SystemThe continuing Evolution of the Limbic systemCHAPTER 2. THE TRIUNE BRAIN AND THE RELEVANCE OF THE LIMBIC SYSTEM CONCEPT; AN INCREASINGLY CONTENTIOUS DEBATEThe Triune BrainThe Controversy surrounding the Limbic System.New Anatomical Discoveries provide an Alternative to the Limbic SystemCHAPTER 3. THE NEGLECTED ANATOMY OF THE BASAL FOREBRAINAccumbens; A Magic but Elusive Structure.The Ventral Striatopallidal system.The Notion of Parallel Cortico-Subcortical Reentrant CircuitsThe Extended Amygdala.The Magnocellular Basal Forebrain System (Basal Nucleus of Meynert)CHAPTER 4. THE LIMBIC LOBE STRUCTURES AND THEIR CONNECTIONS.1. Olfactory Structures2. Orbitomedial Prefrontal Cortex3..Temporopolar Cortex and Insula.4. Cingulate Cortex5. Hippocampus and the Parahippocampal Region6. Laterobasal-Cortical Amygdala.CHAPTER 5. A NEW ANATOMICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE STUDY OF NEUROPSYCHIATRIC DISORDERSBasal Forebrain Functional-Anatomical Macrosystems as Output Channels of the Limbic Lobe.Outputs to the Reticular Formation and ThalamusOutputs to Ascending Modulatory Systems.Concluding Discussion and Future Challenges.